Traversed Graph Representation for Sparse Encoding of Macro-Reentrant Tachycardia

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Title: Traversed Graph Representation for Sparse Encoding of Macro-Reentrant Tachycardia
Authors: Constantinescu, M
Lee, S
Ernst, S
Yang, GZ
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.Macro-reentrant atrial and ventricular tachycardias originate from additional circuits in which the activation of the cardiac chambers follows a high-frequency rotating pattern. The macro-reentrant circuit can be interrupted by targeted radiofrequency energy delivery with a linear lesion transecting the pathway. The choice of the optimal ablation site is determined by the operator’s experience, thus limiting the procedure success, increasing its duration and also unnecessarily extending the ablated tissue area in the case of incorrect ablation target estimation. In this paper, an algorithm for automatic intraoperative detection of the tachycardia reentry path is proposed by modelling the propagation as a graph traverse problem. Moreover, the optimal ablation point where the path should be transected is computed. Finally, the proposed method is applied to sparse electroanatomical data to demonstrate its use when undersampled mapping occurs. Thirteen electroanatomical maps of right ventricle and right and left atrium tachycardias from patients treated for congenital heart disease were analysed retrospectively in this study, with prediction accuracy tested against the recorded ablation sites and arrhythmia termination points.
Issue Date: 9-Jan-2016
Date of Acceptance: 21-Jul-2015
ISSN: 0302-9743
Publisher: Springer
Start Page: 40
End Page: 50
Journal / Book Title: Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart
Volume: 9534
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via
Conference Name: Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Imaging and Modelling Challenges
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence & Image Processing
08 Information And Computing Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Start Date: 2015-10-09
Finish Date: 2015-10-09
Conference Place: Munich, Germany
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering

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