Mechanisms of spray formation and combustion from a multi-hole injector with E85 and gasoline

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Title: Mechanisms of spray formation and combustion from a multi-hole injector with E85 and gasoline
Authors: Aleiferis, PG
Serras-Pereira, J
Van Romunde, Z
Caine, J
Wirth, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The spray formation and combustion characteristics of gasoline and E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) have been investigated using a multi-hole injector with asymmetric nozzle-hole arrangement. Experiments were carried out in a quiescent optical chamber using high-speed shadowgraphy (9 kHz) to characterise the spray sensitivity to both injector temperature and ambient pressure in the range of 20-120 °C and 0.5, 1.0 bar. Spray-tip penetrations and umbrella spray cone angles were calculated for all conditions. Phase Doppler Anemometry was also used to measure droplet sizes in the core of one of the spray plumes, 25 mm below the injector tip. To study the effect of fuel properties on vaporisation and mixture preparation under realistic operating conditions, a separate set of experiments was carried out in a direct-injection spark-ignition optical engine. The engine was run at 1500 RPM under cold and fully warmed-up conditions (20 °C and 90 °C) at part load and full load (0.5 and 1.0 bar intake pressure). Floodlit laser Mie-scattering images of the sprays on two orthogonal planes corresponding to the swirl and tumble planes of in-cylinder flow motion were acquired to study the full injection event and post-injection mixing stage. These were used to make comparisons with the static chamber sprays and to quantify the liquid-to-vapour phase evaporation process for both fuels by calculating the projected footprint of the sprays at different conditions. Analysis of the macroscopic structure and turbulent primary break-up properties of the sprays was undertaken in light of jet exit conditions described in terms of non-dimensional numbers. The effects on stoichiometric combustion were investigated by imaging the natural flame chemiluminescence through the engines piston crown (swirl plane) and by post-processing to derive flame growth rates and trajectories of flame motion. © 2009 The Combustion Institute.
Issue Date: 12-Jan-2010
Date of Acceptance: 22-Dec-2009
ISSN: 0010-2180
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 735
End Page: 756
Journal / Book Title: Combustion and Flame
Volume: 157
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2010 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Keywords: Energy
0902 Automotive Engineering
0904 Chemical Engineering
0913 Mechanical Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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