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Spatially resolved optimization for studying the role of hydrogen for heat decarbonization pathways

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Title: Spatially resolved optimization for studying the role of hydrogen for heat decarbonization pathways
Authors: Jalil Vega, FA
Hawkes, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: This paper studies the economic feasibility of installing hydrogen networks for decarbonising heat in urban areas. The study uses the Heat Infrastructure and Technology (HIT) spatially-resolved optimisation model to trade-off energy supply, infrastructure and end-use technology costs for the most important heat-related energy vectors; gas, heat, electricity, and hydrogen. Two model formulations are applied to UK urban area: one with an independent hydrogen network, and one that allows for retrofitting the gas network into hydrogen. Results show that for average hydrogen price projections, cost-effective pathways for heat decarbonisation towards 2050 comprise including heat networks supplied by a combination of district level heat pumps and gas boilers in the domestic and commercial sectors, and hydrogen boilers in the domestic sector. For a low hydrogen price scenario, when retrofitting the gas network into hydrogen, a cost-effective pathway is replacing gas by hydrogen boilers in the commercial sector, and a mixture of hydrogen boilers and heat networks supplied by district level heat pumps, gas, and hydrogen boilers for the domestic sector. Compared to the first modelled year, CO2 emissions reductions of 88% are achieved by 2050. These results build on previous research on the role of hydrogen in cost-effective heat decarbonisation pathways.
Editors: Allen, D
Issue Date: 7-May-2018
Date of Acceptance: 10-Apr-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/59007
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03970
ISSN: 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Start Page: 5835
End Page: 5842
Journal / Book Title: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume: 6
Issue: 5
Copyright Statement: © 2018 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited (https://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/authorchoice_ccby_termsofuse.html)
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/N018656/1
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
Engineering, Chemical
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Energy systems model
Heat decarbonization
Spatially resolved
hydrogen, energy systems model, heat decarbonisation, networks, gas, infrastructure, spatially-resolved
Publication Status: Published
Conference Place: United Kingdom
Online Publication Date: 2018-04-18
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Chemical Engineering

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