A computational tool for creative idea generation based on analogical reasoning and ontology

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Title: A computational tool for creative idea generation based on analogical reasoning and ontology
Authors: Han, J
Shi, F
Chen, L
Childs, PRN
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Analogy is a core cognition process used to produce inferences as well as new ideas using previous knowledge and experience. Ontology is a formal representation of a set of domain concepts and their relationships. The use of analogy and ontology in design activities to support design creativity have previously been explored. This paper explores an approach to construct ontologies with sufficient richness and coverage to support reasoning over real-world datasets for prompting creative idea generation. This approach has been implemented into a computational tool for assisting designers in generating creative ideas during the early stages of design. The tool, called “the Retriever”, has been developed based on ontology by embracing the aspects of analogical reasoning. A case study has indicated that the tool can be effective and useful for idea generation. The results have indicated that the tool, in its current formulation, can significantly improve the fluency and flexibility of idea generation and the usefulness of ideas, as well as slightly increase the originality of ideas, for the case study concerned.
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2018
Date of Acceptance: 23-Apr-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/64006
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0890060418000082
ISSN: 0890-0604
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Start Page: 462
End Page: 477
Journal / Book Title: AI EDAM
Volume: 32
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Cambridge University Press. This paper has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer-review and/or editorial input by Cambridge University Press.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications
Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Engineering, Manufacturing
Computer Science
Engineering
Analogy
creativity
design creativity
ideation
ontology
BIOLOGICALLY INSPIRED DESIGN
ENGINEERING DESIGN
KNOWLEDGE
SUPPORT
FIXATION
SYSTEMS
MODELS
REPRESENTATION
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION
0910 Manufacturing Engineering
0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
1203 Design Practice And Management
Design Practice & Management
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-10-05
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Dyson School of Design Engineering



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