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A mechanistic study of the interactions between methane and nickel supported on doped ceria

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Title: A mechanistic study of the interactions between methane and nickel supported on doped ceria
Authors: Ouyang, M
Boldrin, P
Maher, R
Chen, X
Liu, X
Cohen, L
Brandon, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: A novel combined method using modified methane pulses and in-situ Raman spectroscopy together with mass spectrometry is applied to impregnated Ni/gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO). The partial oxidation of methane is deduced to proceed via a Mars-van-Krevelen type mechanism composed of initial methane decomposition together with carbon oxidation by oxygen from CGO. The critical role of the ceria surface and the bulk oxygen in the reaction is defined in detail. Oxygen is a necessary reactant in the reaction, as well as inhibiting carbon deposition. Oxygen spill-over is the driving force for the carbon oxidation and the ceria surface oxygen is resupplied by bulk oxygen after depletion. Bulk migration of oxygen to the surface is the rate-determining step. We also demonstrate that the ceria oxygen stoichiometry significantly affects the type of reaction and the rate of reaction between methane and Ni/CGO: The total oxidation of methane happens only when the oxygen stoichiometry is high while the oxygen spill-over rate decreases with decreasing oxygen stoichiometry, which reduces the rate of carbon elimination and results in reduction in the rate of methane oxidation. This work lays out a comprehensive evaluation methodology and provides important insights for future design of methane oxidation catalysts for solid oxide fuel cells, and more widely for methane reforming with different oxidants (steam, CO2, NO2 etc).
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2019
Date of Acceptance: 15-Feb-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/66637
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.02.038
ISSN: 0926-3373
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 332
End Page: 340
Journal / Book Title: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume: 248
Copyright Statement: © 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Technology
Chemistry, Physical
Engineering, Environmental
Engineering, Chemical
Chemistry
Engineering
Partial oxidation of methane (POM) catalyst
In-situ Raman spectroscopy
Nickel/gadolinium-doped ceria
Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)
Chemical looping combustion (CLC)
PARTIAL OXIDATION
OXYGEN-TRANSPORT
ANODE MATERIAL
X-RAY
CARBON
CO
ADSORPTION
CATALYSTS
DYNAMICS
KINETICS
Physical Chemistry
0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
0904 Chemical Engineering
0907 Environmental Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2019-02-16
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Physics
Experimental Solid State
Earth Science and Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences
Dyson School of Design Engineering



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